We have a vision of a transformed world in which nuclear fusion provides clean, abundant, and commercially viable power, while solving issues in the fields of industrial manufacturing, healthcare, and nuclear waste along the way.

We design, manufacture, and operate innovative nuclear fusion technology with near-term commercial applications such as advanced industrial inspection and medical isotope production, and possible future applications in nuclear waste recycling and fusion-based energy.

We believe our fusion neutron generators currently hold the world record for the highest neutron output achieved by a man-made, sustained fusion reaction in a steady-state system with approximately 50 trillion neutrons generated per second. We believe that this lays the foundation to enable us to develop a large-scale nuclear waste management program and sustainable nuclear fusion-based energy in the future.

Why nuclear fusion?

Nuclear energy is the most powerful form of energy production known to humankind. The two types of nuclear energy production, nuclear fission and nuclear fusion, achieve up to ten million times greater energy density with no carbon emissions as compared to conventional chemical and fossil fuels. 

Though nuclear fission power is easier and requires less energy to achieve, its main drawback is that splitting fissile nuclear fuel creates radioactive waste that can take hundreds of years to decay into stable elements. Fusion produces three to four times as much energy as nuclear fission with little to no radioactive byproduct, while also using light elements such as deuterium and tritium (isotopes of hydrogen) as fuel. Some proposed fusion fuels are so abundant as to be nearly limitless.

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However, despite its many benefits over all other forms of energy production, the main drawback to nuclear fusion is the necessary energy input required to overcome the repulsive electrostatic forces between the nuclei before fusion can occur. Currently, fusion energy remains elusive due to technological barriers humanity has yet to overcome.

Our nuclear fusion technology

The benefits of nuclear fusion-based energy have attracted considerable interest since the dawn of the nuclear era. There are many proposed fusion methods currently being researched for fusion power. These include magnetic confinement fusion, inertial confinement fusion, and beam-target fusion.

SHINE is focused on developing beam-target fusion devices because this form of fusion is the most cost-effective form of fusion and has near-term commercial applications.

Our fusion devices produce one of the highest neutron outputs of any beam-target based fusion devices by utilizing an electrically driven particle accelerator to create a high-energy deuterium ion beam. This beam is accelerated toward a gaseous target of tritium and the resulting collision fuses deuterium and tritium together, which produces helium-4, neutrons and energy. We currently use our beam-target devices for their neutron radiation output, since neutron radiation is extremely useful in a wide range of industries.

The usefulness of neutron radiation for commercial applications presents us with opportunities to develop affordable and sustainable solutions for fusion energy while also solving near-term problems in other industries. These commercial applications enabled by the ability to produce neutrons with fusion form the four stages of our pathway to fusion-based energy production: